In 2002, key research and funding institutions from Mexico and the United States recognized the health of Mexican migrants as a mutual responsibility given the major contributions to the economic and social development of both the United States and Mexico. As a result, the Research Programs on Migration and Health, (PIMSA for its Spanish acronym), was created. This program began as a collaborative effort between the Mexican Secretariat of Health (SSA) and the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT for its Spanish acronym), and the Heath Initiatives of the Americas (HIA), along with other University of California (UC) programs in the United States, to address the previously neglected area of migration and health within a current political context. The objective of PIMSA is to generate comprehensive knowledge in the field of migration and health by funding joing binational research in order to educate and influence key decision-makers to create policies that improve the health and quality of life for immigrants in the U.S. and Mexico.
In addition, a bi-national consortium was formed to oversee the main operations of PIMSA. The duties of the consortium include: identifying focus areas, determining selection procedures for grantees, and contributing to the general financial fund that provides grants.